As the health site explained: “Bone marrow is the spongy material in the centre of our bones where our blood cells are made. This includes red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body. If the bone marrow cannot produce enough red blood cells, you may become anaemic.”
This can make you feel very tired and breathless, and you may look very pale, explains the health site.
How to reduce the risk
While there is no proven way to prevent the disease from developing, making healthy changes to your lifestyle may lower your risk, and eating a healthy diet is key.
While evidence is far from conclusive in this area, studies have identified a link between eating certain foods and a lower risk of prostate cancer.
“Test-tube studies and studies conducted on living organisms have shown that mushrooms have the potential to prevent prostate cancer,” said Shu Zhang, an assistant professor of epidemiology in the Department of Health Informatics and Public Health at Tohoku University School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine in Japan, and lead author of the study.
Assistant Professor Zhang added: “However, the relationship between mushroom consumption and incident prostate cancer in humans has never been investigated before.”
“To the best of our knowledge, this is the first cohort study indicating the prostate cancer-preventive potential of mushrooms at a population level.
“Although our study suggests regular consumption of mushrooms may reduce the risk of prostate cancer, we also want to emphasise that eating a healthy and balanced diet is much more important than filling your shopping basket with mushrooms.” said Zhang.
The results of two cohorts comprised of 36,499 men between the ages of 40 and 79 years found that consuming mushrooms on a regular basis reduces the risk of prostate cancer in men, and was especially significant in men aged 50 and older.
Participants who consumed mushrooms once or twice a week had an eight percent lower risk of developing prostate cancer, compared to those who ate mushrooms less than once per week, while those who consumed mushrooms three or more times per week had a 17 percent lower risk than those who ate mushrooms less than once a week.
Accounting for the findings, Zhang said: “Mushrooms are a good source of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, especially L-ergothioneine” – which is believed to mitigate against oxidative stress, a cellular imbalance resulting from poor diet and lifestyle choices and exposure to environmental toxins that can lead to chronic inflammation that is responsible for chronic diseases such as cancer.”
Credit: Source link