Joe Biden is the next President of the United States after beating out Republican rival Donald Trump.
However, the president has refused to accept he has lost, vowing: ‘This isn’t over’.
Past US elections have been divisive, sparking bitter clashes between presidential candidates – but when it’s come down to it, the loser has always eventually graciously conceded.
A concession speech has always been a way for the loser to call for unity, while it has also been a long tradition for departing presidents to leave a dignified, handwritten note for their successor, wishing them well – as Barack Obama did in 2016 when Trump first came into office.
As the current president shows no sign of backing down, here’s how previous presidential candidates bowed out of the race to the White House.
George HW Bush in 1992
George HW Bush told his supporters the ‘people have spoken’ when conceding defeat to Bill Clinton following the 1992 presidential election.
Taking to the stage at a hotel in Houston, Texas, to cheers of ‘thank you George’, the 41st US president said he had called Mr Clinton to congratulate him.
He told crowds: ‘Here’s the way we see it and the country should see it – that the people have spoken and we respect the majesty of the democratic system.
‘I just called Governor Clinton over in Little Rock and offered my congratulations. He did run a strong campaign. I wish him well in the White House.
‘And I want the country to know that our entire administration will work closely with his team to ensure the smooth transition of power.’
Hillary Clinton in 2016
While conceding defeat to Trump in 2016, Hillary Clinton called on supporters to accept the outcome of the election and ensure a smooth and peaceful handover of power.
The former first lady said the election race had revealed ‘our nation is more deeply divided than we thought,’ but said she hoped that Trump would be ‘a successful president for all Americans’.
During an address in New York, the Democratic candidate told supporters: ‘We must accept this result and then look to the future.
‘Donald Trump is going to be our president. We owe him an open mind and the chance to lead.’
John McCain in 2008
In a clip that has resurfaced on social media, Republican candidate John McCain said it was his honour to congratulate Barack Obama on his victory in 2008.
Addressing his supporters outside of his election headquarters in Phoneix, Arizona, Mr McCain gestured to the crowd to stop booing for his Democratic challenger.
He said: ‘In a contest as long and difficult as this campaign has been, his success alone commands my respect for his ability and perseverance.
‘But that he managed to do so by inspiring the hopes of so many millions of Americans, who had once wrongly believed that they had little at stake or little influence in the election of an American president, is something I deeply admire and commend him for achieving.
‘This is an historic election and I recognise the special significance it has for African-Americans and for the special pride that must be theirs tonight.’
Al Gore in 2000
Following a close presidential race in 2000, Democratic candidate Al Gore privately called George W Bush to concede and offer his congratulations – only to retract his concession shortly afterwards.
Following a legal battle over votes in the pivotal state of Florida – which he lost – Mr Gore once again called Bush Jnr to offer his concession and addressed the nation.
He joked: ‘I promised him that I wouldn’t call him back this time.’
Mr Gore said he had offered to meet with the president-elect to ‘start to heal the divisions of the campaign, adding: ‘Neither he nor I anticipated this long and difficult road.
‘Certainly neither of us wanted it to happen. Yet it came, and now it has ended, resolved, as it must be resolved, through the honoured institutions of our democracy.’
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