Francis made the announcement at the end of a three-week assembly of bishops from the Amazon, known as a synod, that discussed issues facing the vast region, such as the shortage of priests, environmental protection and an expanded role for women.
One of the topics discussed was the possibility of ordaining older married “proven” men to serve as priests in limited cases, but he did not mention that in his impromptu closing remarks.
That was expected to be part of a final document that was scheduled to be released later on Saturday.
Deacons, like priests, are ordained ministers, and as in the priesthood, must be men in today’s Church. They may not celebrate Mass, but they may preach, teach in the name of the Church, baptise and conduct wedding, wake and funeral services and even run a parish with the permission of a bishop.
Many deacons in the Church today are married men.
“We still have not grasped the significance of women in the Church. Their role must go well beyond questions of function,” Francis said.
Conservatives in the 1.3 billion-member Church are opposed to women deacons, saying the deaconate is linked with the priesthood, which is restricted to men.
Scholars have debated the precise role of women deacons in the early Church.
Some say they ministered only to other women, such as at immersion rites at baptism and to inspect the bodies of women in cases where Christian men were accused of domestic violence and brought before Church tribunals.
Others scholars believe women deacons in the early Church were fully ordained and on a par with the male deacons at the time.
A commission that handed its report to the pope this year was inconclusive.
Francis gave no details on when the new commission would start its work.
The Church did away with female deacons altogether in later centuries.
Francis and his predecessors have ruled out allowing women to become priests.
But advocates of women priests say a ruling that women in the early Church were ordained ministers might eventually make it easier for a future pope to study the possibility of women priests.
Reporting By Philip Pullella
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