This political grappling in the east of Europe has highlighted the EU’s division over how to handle the growing influence of Russia.
The ‘Western Balkan six’ (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia) are all aiming to join the EU, but recently two of these countries were frustrated when their integration process was delayed by resistance from within the bloc.
Macron was the only EU leader to oppose North Macedonia’s entry into the bloc while France was joined by Denmark and the Netherlands in thwarting Albania’s attempts to join the 28 current member states.
It would appear Putin’s influence combined with Chinese presence in the region is thwarting the Balkan states in their search for stability.
Mr Putin’s most recent power play saw Pantsir-S missile systems touchdown in Serbia as the Russian President strengthens ties with the autocratic administration in Belgrade headed by President Aleksandar Vucic.
Putin has already overseen monstrous arms deals with the Balkan state, supplying various weapons for both ground and air combat, including fighter jets, attack helicopters and battle tanks.
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Conflict has also been undertaken with Georgia by Russia in recent years as the kremlin looked to assert dominance in the South Ossetia region, and misinformation campaigns have been rife in the Baltic states as Moscow looks to revive Soviet narrative in Latvia and Lithuania.
But Mr Macron has remained keen to open up Europe to Russia, sending defence and foreign ministers to Moscow in September after a four year freeze on diplomatic visits.
Mr Macron said in August that alienating Russia was “a profound strategic mistake”, wants Moscow’s help to solve the world’s most intractable crises, from Syria to North Korea.
The French President said in October at a Council of Europe meeting: “The geography, history and culture of Russia are fundamentally European.”
Paris’ plans are intended to unite the West and Russia, but the success of this move will depend on the objectives of Mr Putin.
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