The Met Gala, known as fashion’s biggest night, returns to its typical slot — the first Monday of May — after two years of disruptions due to the pandemic. The event, held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City coincides with the opening of part two of the exhibition, “In America: An Anthology of Fashion,” hosted by the museum’s Costume Institute. Guests have been asked to dress in “Gilded Glamour and White Tie,” referencing the lavish Gilded Age, a three-decade period at the end of the 19th century that transformed American infrastructure and society life.
Images from the galas of yesteryear are enticing because of their nostalgia factor and retro styling, but they also reveal a more relaxed atmosphere not limited to red carpet arrivals.
Photographer Rose Hartman, who photographed the gala for decades until the early 2000s, recalled over the phone a time when there was more freedom to move around and engage with attendees. In 1986, she photographed actress Lynda Carter and socialite Blaine Trump mid-laugh.
Hartman could sense the close friendship between Linda Carter and Blaine Trump as they shared a laugh, but also noted how glamorous they looked while doing so. Credit: Rose Hartman/Getty Images
“They were just so happily speaking to one another rather than posing,” Hartman told CNN in 2020. “I always try whenever possible to capture people who are engaged with one another.”
Photographer Ron Galella, who has photographed the gala since 1967 had a system in place to grab the best shots, from arrivals at coat check to the museum floor and dinner. “It was easy to shoot inside,” he wrote via e-mail in 2020. “A New York Press card was all you needed to gain entry.” (When press passes eventually became limited, there were years he smuggled himself in through the employee entrance.)
Cher smokes a cigarette during 1974’s “Romantic and Glamorous Hollywood Design Exhibition” Met Gala. Credit: Ron Galella/Getty Images via Getty
Over the decades, since the event’s first iteration in 1948, the gala has transformed from a swanky fete at off-site locations like Manhattan’s Rainbow Room into a spectacle of fashion. Socialites and artists have ceded the spotlight to A-list celebrities, who make headlines for how they choose to interpret, or flout, the theme of the night.
The theme is based on the Costume Institute’s new exhibition, such as this year’s two-part show honoring American designers. Other themes have included 2019’s “Camp: Notes on Fashion” and 2018’s “Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic Imagination.”
The shift in guest list and atmosphere was largely due to a generational change in vision. In the 1970s, Vogue editor Diana Vreeland positioned the gala as the opening soiree of the Institute’s major exhibitions and invited the crème de la crème of the fashion world and New York society, but her successor, Anna Wintour, has favored high-profile musicians, actors and entertainment figures, using $30,000 tickets to the event to raise millions of dollars each year.
“I love the fact that they are walking rather than standing,” Hartman said. “I love the gesture of their movement.”
Galella snapped this light moment of Iman, Paloma Picasso and Raphael Lopez Sanchez at the 1983 Met Gala, which honored the work of Yves St. Laurent. Credit: Ron Galella/Getty Images
Galella’s vast archive of Met Gala images, which he published in a book in 2019, also shows the endearing gestures between celebrities when they don’t anticipate the flash of a camera. In 1983, he photographed supermodel Iman and designer Paloma Picasso laughing as Picasso’s husband bent low to embrace the statuesque Iman by her waist. In 1995, he caught Christy Turlington seemingly teasing Kate Moss, slipping a finger into the dangerously low-cut back of Moss’s white gown.
Supermodels Kate Moss and Christy Turlington goof around at the 1995 Met Gala. Credit: Ron Galella/Getty Images